How do you perceive the political climate of this presidential and parliamentary campaign?
Daniel Jadue The right wing excels in the art of sowing fear, of creating a climate of tension, of handling threats in order to thwart transformations in the making. This is the only recipe they know of. What they don’t want to understand is that while the pandemic put the October 2019 popular uprising on hold, it is far from over. When we look more closely, this revolt had two dimensions: one political, the other social and economic.
The first has found a way out with the constitutional discussion, which mobilizes an already very politicized public. But those concerned about the precariousness of their living conditions have seen no response so far. Pensions have not been revalued, there has not been the slightest step forward to guarantee the right to education, to health – people still play the lottery or sell sandwiches in the streets to pay for treatment expensive medical; local public services are more degraded than ever. The rage and indignation, for now, have returned.
But if social responses do not begin to be sketched out, it is highly likely that they will resurface with much more force. . Not to mention the guaranteed impunity for perpetrators of human rights violations, or the imprisonment of participants in this social revolt.
You were a candidate for the primary of the left-wing Apruebo Dignidad coalition. How did you get involved with the Chilean Communist Party in this campaign?
DANIEL JADUE The Communist Party is fully invested in the campaign of Gabriel Boric and the Apruebo Dignidad coalition, which brings together eight political parties. I have visited many regions to support our presidential candidate, but also our candidates for legislative and senatorial elections. It was also necessary to convince the 700,000 voters who gave me their votes in the primary. It is, for us, a strategic alliance. We want to bring to the head of Chile a progressive government that will initiate the transformations the country needs.
How do you explain the place suddenly taken in the political landscape by the far-right candidate Jose Antonio Kast, a nostalgic for the Pinochet dictatorship?
DANIEL JADUE With the difficulties of the right-wing candidate Sebastian Sichel, the economic elites see no other possibility of maintaining their privileges. They migrate to Kast, after having contributed, thanks to the polls and the media they own, to artificially inflate this candidacy. Yet his program is a tissue of lies. It is based on a growth rate of 5% in the next five years, while the most optimistic projections do not foresee more than 2%, neither in Chile nor in the region.
The State would need new resources to respond to pressing demands, to get out of the AFP (pension fund) system to rebuild a pay-as-you-go pension system, to provide all citizens with the social protections they need: it provides for the opposite of lowering taxes for the richest. Like his friend and role model, Jair Bolsonaro, this macabre character claims to provide simplistic answers to complex problems. He lies. These figures of the extreme right capable of driving their fortunes abroad to evade taxes do not like Chile. They only like money.