The campaign is launched. The sixth plenum of the party’s central committee, which closed on November 11, paved the way for next year’s 20th Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), where it could be renewed thanks to a revision of the Constitution dated 2018. Chinese President Xi Jinping thus tightens ranks internally. This sixth meeting, traditionally dedicated to ideology, was no exception to the rule since it was to allow the adoption of an important resolution on the history of the party.
For only the third time in a hundred years, the 350 members were tasked with speaking out on the “great achievements” of the CCP. The People’s Republic lists only two precedents of this type: in 1945, the historic resolution allows Mao Zedong to establish his legitimacy and to push aside his rivals before starting to conquer Beijing; in 1981, Deng Xiaoping had recourse to it in order to take stock of Maoism, to definitively turn the page on the Cultural Revolution, completed five years earlier, while laying the foundations for economic opening and political reforms, in particular by limiting to two the number of presidential terms in order to put an end to the cult of personality.
Establish a connection with the leaders of the past
Does this mean that with this resolution, Xi Jinping further limits the collective exercise of power? For the record, in 2012, the current president set up the special commission devoted to Taiwanese affairs and foreign affairs, in 2013 that devoted to economic affairs and in 2014 the commission on national security, the group on cybersecurity and the computerization then those on national defense and military defense and economic and financial affairs. All report directly to him and allow him to impose himself against the different factions present on the standing committee of the political bureau. At the time of this writing, the text had not officially been made public. However, the political bureau delivered the substance in August: “It is also necessary to support the central position of Secretary General Xi Jinping. (…) The whole party should try to understand the reasons for the success of the CCP during the past hundred years and how it can ensure success in the future, following the principle of historical materialism and through a correct perspective of it. history of the CCP. “
Xi Jinping, who is not from the generation of historical revolutionaries, must thus make his mark and establish a filiation between the leaders of the past and himself to embody the third phase of the history of the CCP. In a way, he fulfills the mission entrusted by the party when it came to power. The formation delegated to the generation of red princes, descendant of the first revolutionaries, of which Xi Jinping is a part, the sustainability of the heritage of the fathers. This age group is also responsible for establishing a new economic model that will ensure the continued development and the place of China on the international scene after the financial crisis of 2008. It is done with the new Silk Roads. launched in 2013.
A strong state and stable political leadership
Protectionism, the economic war launched by former President Donald Trump and, today, the military threats raised in the Pacific by Joe Biden consolidate the idea that only a strong state, a stable political leadership, safe internal struggles, would allow China to keep its rank, and even eventually overtake the United States. There remain the contradictions, pre-existing to the Covid crisis, and in particular the unbridled growth and the widening of inequalities. The resolution adopted at the end of the Sixth Plenum should thus make “common prosperity” the guideline which guarantees stability at the internal level. Deng Xiaoping referred to the “society of small prosperity”, Hu Jintao the “harmonious society”. Xi Jinping sums up his strategy as follows: “Reforms keep producing problems and they deepen by solving them. ”