A sinister game has been unfolding since this summer in eastern Europe, causing the death of dozens of people. Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko is directly accused by the European Union (EU) and France of having provoked a vast migratory movement in response to the economic sanctions taken against him. This “trafficking in human beings is organized, by the Lukashenko family itself directly, with third countries”, denounced the Secretary of State for European Affairs, Clément Beaune, at the end of October before recalling that “the trap in which wants us to fall Lukashenko, we lived it with Turkey ”…
The rule of law under attack
In the name of Fortress Europe, Ankara had obtained from the EU an agreement signed on March 18, 2016, with the objective of “preventing an irregular migration route from opening up”, in exchange for financial aid. in the amount of 6 billion euros. To obtain its renewal in 2021, the Turkish authorities had allowed a certain number of refugees to pass. “Does Belarus want to get this kind of deal? It is not obvious but, within the framework of its diplomatic standoff with its neighbors who wish its fall and the EU, all the means are good for Lukashenko ”, estimates a senior European official. In the meantime, the Commission remains silent on the fate of the refugees, coming from sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East, trapped between the Belarusian border and that of Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
For their part, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki and President Andrzej Duda, Polish, both members of the ultra-reactionary and xenophobic Law and Justice (PiS) party, have multiplied the rhetoric of a besieged state. In difficulty at the national level, this speech was accompanied by the deployment of around 10,000 soldiers at the border and the application of the state of emergency in the regions of Podlasie and Lublin. “The situation at the border is difficult and dangerous (…) We must take such decisions and ensure the security of Poland and the EU”, explained the president’s spokesperson, Blazej Spychalski, at the beginning of September.
As the rule of law is widely attacked in Poland, associations, citizens and the opposition party are worried about these decisions. In this sinister battle, Poland officially recorded the construction of a 180-kilometer wall on November 4. Mateusz Morawiecki justified this choice because his country was “attacked” by its Belarusian neighbor. For Marie-Christine Vergiat, vice-president of the LDH, it is a fool’s game, Poland has, in recent years, “granted hundreds of thousands of residence permits for economic reasons, in particular to Ukrainians”.
On this anti-immigration issue, it has received support from other countries, including Lithuania, which launched in July the construction of a barbed wire fence. A 550-kilometer physical fence should be erected according to Lithuanian Interior Minister Agne Bilotaite. The leaders of twelve countries – Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia – called for the construction of an anti-migrant wall. Worse, examples are not lacking in the EU (Greece, Hungary, Spain…) and the German Minister of the Interior told Bild: “It seems legitimate to us to protect the external border. Faced with this danger, the UN calls for respect for international law. In the meantime, the dead are piling up at the foot of this fortress.