Venezuela. ICC investigation into the 2017 violence

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Venezuela and the International Criminal Court (ICC) on November 3 signed a memorandum noting the opening of an investigation into possible human rights violations during the 2017 opposition protests. since 2018 is a filtering phase, “recalled the ICC prosecutor, Karim Khan, who arrived in Caracas on Sunday, stressing that his mission was not political but” guided by principles of equality and the rule of law “. As early as 2017, a first report by the Defender of the People, Tarek William Saab, indicated that, out of 65 victims, 52 had died during the demonstrations, including 10 due to shootings attributable to units of the National Guard, the Bolivarian National Police, police of the states of Carabobo, Tachira and Bolivar and of the municipal police of Sucre. At the time, 35 members of the security forces were indicted and sentenced. The leader of the opposition, Juan Guaido, for his part, welcomed the announcement of the ICC, saying that “justice (had) been denied to the victims and their relatives”.

If he considers that the conditions are not, however, met “to move from the preliminary phase to the investigation phase”, President Nicolas Maduro thus indicated that he would respect the memorandum signed with the ICC which “marks the beginning of ‘a new stage of dialogue, cooperation and mutual support to seek truth and justice ”. “Venezuela guarantees justice with institutions that are ready to improve and advance. For there to be peace, there must be justice, ”he added.

“No suspect identified”

Important point: the document ratified by the two parties considers that “there is no identified suspect” at this stage. In the streets, in fact, an alliance of antichavists, far-right factious groups and “encapuchados” are deployed, these masked and violent individuals who erect barricades, burn everything in their path and sometimes take the lead in processions for them. direct to the Ministries of the Interior and Foreign Affairs, the National Electoral Council and the Supreme Court of Justice (TSJ). At that time, the TSJ provisionally assumed the functions of the National Assembly, whose functioning was paralyzed by the right-wing majority and its attempts to dismiss President Nicolas Maduro, despite the law and the Constitution, which does not allow parliamentarians to undertake this process.

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