Sudan. The soft international condemnations of the putsch

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As soon as the coup d’état in Sudan was announced on Monday morning, thousands of people took to the streets to defend the democratic process and denounce the betrayal of the military, like General Al Burhan. Popular determination does not weaken despite a crackdown that has already left ten dead, hundreds injured and arrested, the troops not hesitating to fire live ammunition to disperse the crowd. According to our information, a big day of mobilization is scheduled for October 30. It is a real resistance movement that is taking shape, with many organizations calling for civil disobedience. These include the Communist Party of Sudan (PCS), the railway workers ‘union and the bank workers’ union, as well as the Sudanese Engineers Union.

Over the past few weeks, it was clear to everyone that the military was planning a takeover of power. The failed coup attempt in September was just a repeat. Tensions only worsened from there. The country was fracturing along old lines, with conservative Islamists supporting a military government opposed to the civilians who overthrew Al Bashir in April 2019. But Prime Minister Abdallah Hamdok’s economic policies were also sharply criticized, marked by the Fund’s seal. international monetary policy (IMF). Thus the agreement with the IMF stresses the need to “reduce the role of the State in the economy and mobilize private investors”. It is also underlined, with regard to public enterprises, that a strategy is necessary “to determine which ones are to be privatized”.

We understand better why this same IMF considers it “premature” to take decisions concerning Sudan, in the aftermath of the coup. The institution is in the image of the international community, whose condemnation of the putsch is similar to Dali’s watches: soft. Even though the African Union (AU) has suspended Sudan, the United States has announced a “pause” (not a cancellation) of its $ 700 million aid to Khartoum and the United Nations Security Council is standing still. says only “concerned”.

Close ties of generals in Egypt and the Persian Gulf

Until then at the head of the Sovereign Council – the highest authority in the transition – General Al Burhan has often said that the army would cede power only to an elected government. Which was a clear indication that the generals might not stick to the adopted plan of handing over the leadership of the corps to a civilian in November. The military has been emboldened in its dispute with civilian leaders by backing from tribal protesters, who have blocked the country’s main Red Sea port for weeks. The two most senior military officials, Al Burhan and his deputy, General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, also have close ties to Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, with the latter two countries not having done the least. comment since Monday.

The day before the coup, however, the American envoy for the Horn of Africa, Jeffrey Feltman, had tried to reconcile positions. Why and how did the generals go through with their strategy? This is one of the questions still unresolved. Arrested in the early hours of the putsch, Abdallah Hamdok is now under house arrest. The airport in Khartoum has reopened. And above all, in his first speech on Tuesday, General Al Burhan reiterated his support for “normalization with Israel”. What reassure the United States.

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